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Friday, July 24, 2020 | History

2 edition of Genetic resource conservation and economic use in SA found in the catalog.

Genetic resource conservation and economic use in SA

Saliem Fakir

Genetic resource conservation and economic use in SA

a review of the current policy situation

by Saliem Fakir

  • 391 Want to read
  • 14 Currently reading

Published by Land and Agriculture Policy Centre in Johannesburg .
Written in English

    Places:
  • South Africa.
    • Subjects:
    • Genetic resources conservation -- South Africa.

    • Edition Notes

      StatementSaliem Fakir.
      SeriesWorking paper / ;, 50, Working paper (Land and Agriculture Policy Centre (South Africa)) ;, no. 50
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHD991.A1 W66 vol. 50
      The Physical Object
      Pagination33 p. ;
      Number of Pages33
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL496229M
      LC Control Number98229940

      Conservation. Plant genetic resource conservation has become increasingly important as more plants have become threatened or rare. At the same time, an exploding world population and rapid climate change have led humans to seek new resilient and nutritious crops. societies in South Africa dating back centuries. Even under communal ownership, property rights were conferred on members of the community to manage important resources like wild fruit-bearing trees. In , the section responsible for Biodiversity and Conservation was elevated to a branch. Its mandate was expanded to include.

      There are broadly speaking two basic approaches to genetic resources conservation, namely, in-situ and ex-situ -situ means the setting aside of natural reserves, where the species are allowed to remain in their ecosystems within a natural or properly managed ecological natural biosphere reserve is a useful solution for species that are endangered and nearly on the. The three main sections in the book consider the Ethiopian centre of diversity, germplasm collection and conservation in Ethiopia and the evaluation and utilization of Ethiopian genetic resources. A broad range of food and feed crops and plants of medicinal and industrial importance are discussed, both at a national and international level.

      However, crop genetic resources are largely public goods, so private incentives for genetic resource conservation may fall short of achieving public objectives. Within the U.S. germplasm system, certain crop collections lack sufficient diversity to reduce vulnerability to pests and diseases. Such activities would aim to support more conventional breeding programmes for threatened species, by providing the opportunity to store valuable genetic material for use on some future occasion. A number of pertinent issues should be addressed, however, before embarking upon the large scale implementation of genetic bank by:


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Genetic resource conservation and economic use in SA by Saliem Fakir Download PDF EPUB FB2

The discussion on conservation of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA), however, has to reflect the costs of conservation as well.

These have not yet been discussed intensively. The study analyzes the conservation costs of plant genetic resources; it also assesses the effectiveness of conservation and the efficiency of the different conservation instruments.5/5(1).

Economic arguments for the conservation and sustainable use of threatened AnGR can be an effective means of establishing support for the development of appropriate enabling environments.

Despite the importance of the economics of AnGR conservation, the subject has received limited by: The use of genetic resources can be compatible with conservation; genetic resources are almost always renewable, and can be sampled for specific uses without destroying their integrity.

This book brings together for the first time a coherent synthesis of plant genetic resource conservation and use from the point of view of : Calvin O Qualset. Economics of animal genetic resources use and conservation. In: The Second Report on the State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.

(Scherf, B.D. et al (eds.)) FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Assessments. In this context, the present book provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of conservation and utilization of horticultural genetic resources, addressing contemporary approaches to conservation in connection with different technologies, including biotechnological approaches as practised in India and in some cases, globally.

The article surveys national and international genetic resource conservation programs, outlines the current state of conservation systems for plants, animals, and microorganisms, and calls for a global plan for conservation of biological diversity.

Programs for plant germplasm are more organized and developed than those for by: Conservation Genetics Resources promotes the conservation of genetic diversity and advances the study of conservation genetics by providing rapid publication of technical papers and reviews on methodological innovations or improvements, computer programs, and genomic resources, as well as on the practical application of these resources towards the development of effective conservation policy.

To regulate and provide an integrated national management system in support of conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources for food and agriculture. Functions Develop and implement policies, legislations, strategies and norms and standard on the management of genetic resources for food and agriculture.

In vivo conservation of animal genetic resources-The Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources, adopted inis the first internationally agreed framework for the management of biodiversity in the livestock sector.

It calls for the development of technical guidelines to support countries in their implementation Size: 1MB. to provide economic support for an organic production system using local breeds. The project was the first marker-assisted conservation scheme for animal genetic resources in the Veneto region.

Ten poultry breeds were included, these being the Robusta Maculata, Robusta Lionata, Ermellinata di Rovigo, Pépoi and PadovanaFile Size: KB. Suggested Citation:"An Overview of Genetic Resources Management."National Research Council. Managing Global Genetic Resources: Agricultural Crop Issues and gton, DC: The National Academies Press.

doi: /   The conservation of these valuable chicken genetic resources is necessary in the light of the rapid loss of indigenous breeds and strains through commercial dilution and breed replacement.

All varieties of domestic species and species with potential for domestication are considered to be important candidates for by: 8. Genetic resources are important to humans because they provide a pool of genetic diversity that has commercial value and promotes food security.; The fair and equitable use of genetic resources is one the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and is covered by Article 15 of the Convention.; The Nagoya Protocol aims to create greater legal certainty for users and providers.

A species or a population sample of a particular part of its genetic variation can be maintained through in situ or ex situ conservation. In situ conservation is the preservation of species and populations of living organisms in a natural state in the habitat where they naturally occur. The discussion on conservation of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA), however, has to reflect the costs of conservation as well.

These have not yet been discussed intensively. The study analyzes the conservation costs of plant genetic resources; it also assesses the effectiveness of conservation and the efficiency of the.

Programme „Collection and Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture in –” plant genetic resources both in trade and research and regarding the conservation of plant genetic resources is in conformity with § 9 (2) of the Act on Sustainable Development.

used better for the conservation of agricultural. Conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources is essential to meet the demand for future food security. Advances in biotechnology have generated new opportunities for genetic resources Author: Kameswara Rao Nanduri.

Abstract: Crop genetic resources are the basis of agricultural production, and significant economic benefits have resulted from their conservation and use.

However, crop genetic resources are largely public goods, so private incentives for genetic resource conservation may.

This site is best viewed with Internet Explorer 9 (or newer) 0r Mozilla Firefox and Google Chrome at x screen resolution. Part III. Saving Genetic Resources 9. Biodiversity, Conservation, and Genetic Resources in Modern Museum and Herbarium Collections, by Robert Hanner, Angélique Corthals, and Rob DeSalle Banking of Genetic Resources: The Frozen Zoo at the San Diego Zoo, by Leona G.

Chemnick, Marlys L. Houck, and Oliver A. Ryder. Conserving plant genetic resources in farmers' fields so that they can evolve with changing conditions is often said to be a good thing, yet without very much evidence. A new study examines the case for in situ conservation, marshalls the evidence and raises important questions.The current review focuses on characterization and conservation efforts vital for the development of breeding programmes for indigenous beef cattle genetic resources in Southern Africa.Sustainable management of the world's livestock genetic diversity is of vital importance to agriculture, food production, rural development and the environment.

"The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture" is the first global assessment of these resources.

Drawing on Country Reports, contributions from a number of international organizations and 12 specially.